This species has survived in Pantanos de Villa since at least 1965 when about 35 ad. and one young were observed (Koepcke, The Birds of the Department of Lima, Peru, 1983 Ed.). Since then it has also spread to several other coastal marshes. When I came to Peru in 1995 there was some uncertainty about the survival of this coastal population (at least abroad). When I visited Mar Villa for the first time in 1996 together with Oscar Gonzales we saw several adults and young birds, and I remember I reported this to several persons then. The species seems to have a healthy population in and around Lima today, and it is easily seen in the Mar Villa area, Pantanos de Villa.